L'univers étrange des maisons abandonnées espagnoles

© Markel Redondo.

Le projet "Sand Castles (part II)" du photographe espagnol Markel Redondo, co-lauréat du DJI Drone Photography Award lancé en 2017, est exposé jusqu'à ce mercredi 18 avril au laboratoire theprintspace, à Londres. Il offre une nouvelle perspective, aérienne et plus étendue, sur les quelque 3,4 millions de maisons à l'abandon que compte l'Espagne.

Prolongeant un premier projet sur ces échecs de l'urbanisation, Markel Redondo est retourné sur certains sites déjà visités, mais cette fois équipé d'un drone. S'aventurant aussi dans de nouveaux endroits à travers l'Espagne, le photographe a cette fois immortalisé au total douze lotissements abandonnés, dans les provinces d'Almeria et d'Alicante, ou en région de Murcie, entre autres.

Des airs d'apocalypse
Ces maisons, bâties jadis par des promoteurs prompts à exploiter prêts avantageux et mesures favorables, ont fait les frais de la crise économique et de l'éclatement de la bulle immobilière. Elles gâchent désormais le paysage. "Il y a vraiment un sentiment apocalyptique, c'est comme si vous étiez le dernier homme sur Terre", commente Markel Redondo, cité par le British Journal of Photography. "Les sites sont complètement déserts et les lieux sont difficiles d'accès, donc, à moins d'être déterminé à y aller, la plupart des gens ne les voient jamais. Beaucoup de matériel de construction, des pièces électriques, des plaques d'égout et du cuivre ont été volés", relate-t-il.

Absurde mais récurrent
"Nous vivons dans une société avec d'énormes problèmes de logement, beaucoup ne peuvent pas se payer un endroit pour vivre, pourtant l'Espagne a trois millions de maisons vides", relève le photographe, intrigué par l'absurdité de la situation. "Il est important de comprendre que ce n'est pas un problème isolé; c'est quelque chose qui a eu lieu systématiquement à travers l'Espagne. Nous devons nous demander pourquoi ça se produit encore et comment nous allons résoudre le problème", prolonge Markel Redondo, espérant que son projet puisse rappeler que ces endroits n'ont pas disparu.

Sand Castles (part II) © Markel Redondo.
Sand Castles (part II) © Markel Redondo.
Sand Castles (part II) © Markel Redondo.
Sand Castles (part II) © Markel Redondo.
Sand Castles (part II) © Markel Redondo.
Markel Redondo and Tom Hegen win the DJI Drone Photography Award! Hegen (@abovethesphere) will use a drone to document salt production in southern France while Redondo (@markelredondo) will capture Spain's failed urban housing projects. See the full feature on BJP online via the link in our bio! [With: @djiglobal]
Back where everything started. Ciudad Jardín, Burgos. Ready to start working on the DJI Drone Photography Award. Day 1. #photography #documentary #architecturephotography #urban #urbandecay #urbanruin #modernruins #spain #ciudadjardin #sunrise #sandcastles #thisisspain #everydayspain
The roundabout. Ciudad Jardín, Burgos. First time I came to this place was nine years ago, it hasn't change much. It feels like the end of world. I always wanted to see this roundabout from the air. First day working for the DJI Drone Photography award with the Phantom 4 Pro+. More to come soon! #dji #djiphantom4 #arial #documentary #documentaryphotography #sandcastles #thisisspain #modernruins #architecture
Abandoned unfinished houses in Buniel, Burgos. There are 312 homes (initially 1,400 were planed) that are in different degree of execution. The housing development has been abandoned since the summer of 2008, when the construction company, Martinsa-Fadesa, entered into an insolvency procedure. #documentary #drones #dronephotography #aerial #aerialphotography #djicreator #djiglobal #dronestagram #djiphantom #dronefly #instagood #instadrone #spain #sandcastles #thisisspain #thepaininspain
"Luxury development next to the river Tormes with yacht club, pedestrian walk along the riverbank, paddle tennis courts and indoor pool" read the ad for this failed urban project near Salamanca, Spain. Another photo of my current project for the DJI Drone Photography Award. This body of works looks at failed urban projects in Spain. An estimated 3.4 million empty houses, built in a dizzying rush by developers to make the most of cheap loans and favourable government regulation, litter the landscape. @panospictures @bjp1854 @djiglobal #documentary #drones #dronephotography #aerial #aerialphotography #djicreator #djiglobal #dronestagram #djiphantom #dronefly #instagood #instadrone #spain #sandcastles #thisisspain #thepaininspain #endroad
Bella Rotja housing development, Pego, Alicante, Spain.
Maybe they are already here? An unfinished house seen from above at Playa Macenas Beach & Golf Resort, in Mojacar, Almería. The promotional ad read "The new concept of residential community that we propose seeks harmony between housing and facilities and the landscape to create a space where man and nature coexist better." The housing development initially planed to build 1.395 houses and although some of them are finished the majority of them have been abandoned since 2008. The photo is part of the DJI Drone Photo Awards for which I am photographing abandoned and failed urban projects across Spain. #documentary #drones #dronephotography #aerial #aerialphotography #djicreator #djiglobal #dronestagram #djiphantom #dronefly #instagood #instadrone #spain #sandcastles #thisisspain #thepaininspain #panospictures #photooftheday #architecture #architecturephotography #urbanlandscape #alien #alienface #rogeramericandad
Video footage from the Sand Castles (aerial) project in Spain #sandcastles #djiglobal #dji #djiphantom4pro #drone #aerial #video
Fortuna Hill Nature and Residential Golf Resort. 11.212 inhabitants expected #sandcastles
Calatrava tourist complex. 1.304 inhabitants were expected. Villamayor de Calatrava, Spain. #sandcastles
"Now families from all over Europe favour this kind of residential project, away from mass tourism, and with access not only to the turistic coastal towns, but to real Spain". Read the promotional ad for this unfinished housing development that lays abandoned since 2008. Photo taken for the DJI Drone Photography Award #documentary #drones #dronephotography #aerial #aerialphotography #djicreator #djiglobal #dronestagram #djiphantom #dronefly #instagood #instadrone #spain #sandcastles #thisisspain #thepaininspain #panospictures #photooftheday #architecture #architecturephotography #urbanlandscape #bjp #fromabove #abandoned #ghosttown
"The new and impressive Golden Sun Beach & Golf Resort with our selection of villas and apartments offers the luxury to enjoy an affordable price with wonderful sea views, top qualities, closeness to the beach, services, sports areas, gardens, swimming pools, two golf courses of 18 and 9 holes, unique for its location next to the sea and the mountains." Golden Sun Beach & Golf Resort, Pulpi, Almeria, Spain. Mostly abandoned since 2010. A photo part of the DJI Drone Photography Award. The work will soon be exhibited in London, more news to come soon! #documentary #drones #dronephotography #aerial #aerialphotography #djicreator #djiglobal #dronestagram #djiphantom #dronefly #instagood #instadrone #spain #sandcastles #thisisspain #thepaininspain #panospictures #photooftheday #architecture #architecturephotography #urbanlandscape #fromabove #djiphantom4pro #droneporn
"The first ecological urbanization in Spain, sustainable and accessible". The abandoned Solar City Soto de Monteluz, Horche, Guadalajara, Spain. Photo by Markel Redondo/@markelredondo #documentary #drones #dronephotography #aerial #aerialphotography #djicreator #djiglobal #dronestagram #djiphantom #dronefly #instagood #instadrone #spain #sandcastles #thisisspain #thepaininspain #panospictures #photooftheday #architecture #architecturephotography #urbanlandscape #fromabove #droneporn #djiphantom4pro #bjp

par Sébastien Cools 15/04/18 - 11h11